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Violet species, Viola spp.
is the 2022 Herb of the Year
The genus Viola includes between 500 and 600 species in the violaceae or violet family, including violets, pansies, heartsease or Johnny jump-ups, other species, and many hybrids within the family.
• Viola hybridize freely, which can make identification challenging.
• While the flowers across the species vary in color, they generally have four unlike petals arranged in pairs and a fifth lower lobed petal with a spur, on top of an individual stem.
• Pansy is generally the common name reserved for the hybrid Viola × wittrockiana, whose complex origin includes at least three species.
• Violet, Viola odorata, has been used in the perfume industry as a fragrance source.
Source: Herb Society of America